Church in 2002
 
New Ebenezer Baptist Church across the street merges many African design elements into its sanctuary and exterior architecture.
 
Sanctuary
 
Church in 2002
 
Original Church burned in the Great Fire of 1917 and was rebuilt in it's present forn starting in 1920.
 
 

Ebenezer Baptist Church
407-413 Auburn Avenue
Martin Luther King, Jr. Historic District
Atlanta, Georgia

Founded:1886
Rebuilt: after 1917 fire in 1922
Architect: --
Builder: --
Architectural Style: Gothic Revival
Original Use: This building became a meeting place for social and spiritual activism by means of three generations of pastors starting with Rev. A.D. Williams in 1894, to his son Rev. Martin Luther King, Sr. and then to his son, Dr. Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Readaptive Use: Still functions as a church.


Recorded dates:
1886- Rev. John Parker organizes the Ebenezer Baptist Church on Airline Street. The church later purchased property on the corner of Auburn and Jackson Streets.
1894 to 1931- Powerhouse A.D. Williams is minister; his daughter marries Rev. Martin Luther King, Sr.; Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was her 2nd child.
1917- Church burns in Atlanta fire of 1917.
1918- James Weldon Johnson of the N.Y. office of the NAACP assists Harry H. Pace, Truman K. Gibson, and other concerned citizens with the Atlanta Branch. Rev. A.D. Williams, pastor of Ebenezer, is elected president; Professor George E. Towns, vice president; Dr. Leondias Crogman, Secretary. Meetings are held every Tuesday night.
1919- As President of the of the local branch of the NAACP Rev. A.D. Williams spearheaded the first voter registration drive among blacks in modern Atlanta producing more than 2,000 voters, some of whom had to pay $25.00 in back poll taxes. These black votes helped defeat a bond referendum that would have provided construction of whites school s only.
1921- The Atlanta Branch of the NAACP with Rev. A.D. Williams registers 3,000 African American citizens to help defeat an 8 million dollar bond issue until the city agrees how much of the money African Americans will get for their schools. As a result the African American. community gets 2.5 million dollars and the following schools are constructed: E.A.Ware, David T. Howard, Yonge Street, Crogman, Walker Street, Ashby Street, and Booker T. Washington.
1929-.Martin Luther King, Jr. is born.
1931-1975 Rev. A.D. Williams dies in 1931 and son-in-law Rev. Martin King, Sr. (Daddy King) carries on to build a strong church.
Late 1930's From Parting the Waters by Taylor Branch p53-54.

1960-1968 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is co-pastor with his father Rev. Martin King, Sr.

1961
From Parting the Waters by Taylor Branch p301-302.
1961 From Parting the Waters by Taylor Branch, p477.
Present: this National Historic Landmark is under renovation to handle increasing crowd sizes; it is managed by the National Park Service; the New Ebenezer Baptist Church is across the street and merges many African design elements into its sanctuary and exterior architecture.




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